A circular question: What is sleeping philosophy?

I first asked the question about sleeping philosophy when I was evaluating the Diagram. Although I think my first quandaries about the nature of sleeping philosophy were significant, I now believe sleeping philosophy is much more complex than it earlier seemed. Besides meeting a sleeper in real life, I’ve also found important sleepers in literature and art that need to be discussed here. In particular I want to mention the philosophies of Philip K. Dick, a character from Roberts’s Shantaram, and Andrei Tarkovsky, a Russian movie director. These new comparisons and findings lead me to believe that sleeping philosophy is the (two-positional) idealism/realism missing from the context of other categories. Yet speculations about whether this means that in the future sleeping philosophy may become a new category or would remain asleep are inconclusive. Continue reading


Accidental integration: a three case study

On this blog we’ve seen many instances of integration that were proper, in the sense that they did not leave us questioning whether integrations were successful and done by integrators. However, in the first post on new aesthetics we’ve analyzed an integration that was not quite what we’ve encountered before, or one that we might not have expected to have ever existed. This finding caused me to try to explain this phenomenon of integrations that are not made by integrators, thus known as accidental integrations. This discussion could at least help us further develop our understanding of such integrations. So the question that I think may be interesting for those who study integrative philosophy is the following: Can we say what causes accidental integration? I’d like to review the most well-known accidental integrations to date and see if we can find patterns that will help us answer on this question. Continue reading

Little is Big: the unprecedented integration of The Little Prince

Some of you may know — and may have actually read — a book for children and adults that has sold over 140 million copies worldwide: The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (categorized as int8). Maybe there are even some who have seen the recent film based on this book — the film that won the César Award for Best Animated Film and also received critical acclaim in France and elsewhere, but not in the USA. However, many in America instead know the movie called Inside Out (2015). Continue reading

Towards New Aesthetics

Besides explaining the main four branches of her philosophy (ethics, politics, epistemology, and metaphysics[1]), Ayn Rand also wrote on the nature of aesthetics, the last, fifth branch:

Art is a selective re-creation of reality according to an artist’s metaphysical value-judgments” (The Romantic Manifesto, 1971, Ch.1, original italics). Continue reading