The case for metacategorical transcendence

One interesting and important finding that I derived from my categorical research is that we need to differentiate not just people but their mental structures from their own categorical specifications of these structures. The Diagram shows that there are a priori structures into which we are all born, and yet you can see that each individual within these structures is unique and differentiated from others. This comes from the fact that each individual creates their own categories (ideas) that they develop on their own and due to influences or inspirations from others. However, we need to notice that these internal distinctions of categories are not, in fact, categorical and therefore not a priori as Kant argued. I am writing this in order to show that the distinction of structure versus category (a form of content) is more important because it is a priori in regard to distinctions of categories within each individual’s philosophical worldview. Continue reading

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Part I of the epistemological Model: physics to chemistry

Levels 1-3 of the Model describe the relationships of the subjects of study from particle physics to chemistry. But before I start with the first elements of the Model, I must mention what precedes them. Steven Hawking and his followers argue that all particles are preceded by some unknowable state that led to the Big Bang. This state is a singularity, and it is like a particle that contains all particles of the universe. Cosmic background radiation is interpreted as an early result of this state along with the observable universe. Hawking described this state by extending Einstein’s special relativity on the quantum level to what preceded the quantum level, namely, the microscopic singularity, the kind that physicists try to understand in particle collision experiments. On the cosmic level, such singularity is simultaneous throughout all of space. Continue reading

Toward New Epistemology

Harry Binswanger, one of prominent Objectivist philosophers, in his lecture on Perception thoroughly explains the relationship of perception to sensation and conception. He provides evidence and reasoning to show that we are born perceiving through our field of awareness. Epistemology is the theory of knowledge that answers on questions such as: “What is the nature of knowledge? How do we know? What is the process of acquiring knowledge?” The epistemology developed by Ayn Rand provides some missing links to the classical, Aristotelian worldview. Continue reading